Il “Philoktet” di Heiner Müller tra pessimismo e modernità – Simona Lomolino – Stratagemmi 17
ller’s Philoctetes and Sophocles’one. The german dramatist is respectful of tradition, but changes the only tragedy with happy end in a nihilist and hopeless work. State is degraded to tyranny, there is neither solidarity among men nor community of civic and ethical valours, on which Greek polis was founded. Gods don’t solve anymore the conflicts and man is alone with his egoism; his overwhelming desire often rise to hate towards other persons. In the name of power the more sacred valours are forgotten. Ulisse is more shrewd and ruthless, Neottolemo suspicious and elusive in youthful innocence, Filottete himself is victim and executioner in the same time: there aren’t heroes, but only men lacerated by evil. The article reminds some successful mise-en-scene and tries to answer to ller’s Philoktet is nearly disappeared from Italian stages?