“Casi nunca se sabe bien lo que está diciendo”. L’ambiguità della tragedia in William Shakespeare e Javier Marías – Alessandro Cassol – Stratagemmi 24-25
After a brief survey of the narrative works by Javier Marías, one of the most appreciated novelists of contemporary Spain, the essay focuses on the presence of British and American culture and literature in his novels, stressing the author’s ability in inserting well-known and obscure literary figures in his texts. Especially frequent is the use of a few of William Shakespeare’s plays, notably Macbeth, Richard III, Henry V, Julius Caesar, and The Tempest. Themes deeply explored by the Bard, such as the con- summation of time, the link between death and love, the return of the dead, the struggle for conquering and maintaining power, the secret and its consequences, are central also to Marías’ novels. Direct allusions to Shakespeare’s works are widely embedded in them, by means of the title, almost literal quotations of specific passages, or even scholarly discus- sions of a scene, a motif, or a line. Marías considers Shakespeare as a model of ambivalent writing, and a repository of the ancestral uncer- tainty of the human being.